Knowing exactly what is in the products you feed your wildlife can help you determine the best product for your intended use. In addition to this list of potential ingredients, we rate all of our products based on the level of Protein, Energy, Vitamins, or Minerals it contains. See the Product listing in “Shop” The higher the number, the higher the level of that ingredient class.

Feed Ingredients

Grain products – group term that includes corn, wheat, barley, rice, sorghum, oats, or triticale; can be any or all; used to provide energy for growth, weight gain, milk production

Molasses products – group term for dried and/or liquid molasses from a variety of plant sources (usually cane or beet); sweet smell and taste that attracts most animals

Plant protein products – group term that includes soybean meal, cottonseed meal, flaxseed meal; concentrated sources of protein, required for growth of musculature, organs, skin, milk, and antler

Processed grain byproducts – group term that includes distillers grains, corn gluten, hominy, rice bran, wheat middlings; all provide a blend of protein and energy at an economical price

Roughage products – group term that includes beet pulp, citrus pulp, cottonseed hulls, rice hulls, soybean hulls; all are fiber sources that maintain rumen health and provide varying levels of energy.


B-Complex: B Complex Vitamins are metabolic aids. That is, they support optimal function of energy conversion and optimize certain important processes within the body:

Biotin: Vitamin B7- supports rumen microbial for optimal nutrient utilization as well as Hoof Integrity. Especially helpful in deer exposed to EHD.

Calcium Pantothenate (B5), Niacin (B3), and Riboflavin(B2): these B complex vitamins are primarily supportive of basic energy conversion. Niacin is also important to vascular health.

Choline Chloride (B4): is important in converting Fat to energy and creation of amino acids like Creatine and hormones like adrenaline.

B12: Prevents anemia and increases energy/stamina and overall vigor.

Folic Acid (B9): Brain and Fetal development, critical to healthy fawns and fawn rearing.

Other Vitamins: Often overlooked in their role of supporting critical biological processes, these Vitamins are often not included in wildlife feeds.

Vitamin K: Menadione Sodium Bisulfate blood clotting and cell balance.

Vitamin A: Vision, important because it is deficient in most winter range feed in all geography.

Vitamin D: Critical for Calcium and Phosphorus deposition for Bones, Teeth, and antler growth/maintenance in fawns and adult deer.

Vitamin E: works in conjunction with Selenium to improve reproductive efficiency, immune response, a strong anti-oxidant.


Calcium (Ca): Essential part of Bones, Teeth, and antlers. Added in the form of Calcium Carbonate (Limestone), Calcium Iodate (see Iodine) and Calcium Phosphate (see Phosphorus)

Iodine: Important in maintaining Thyroid function and critical in helping wildlife endure cold stress. Added with Calcium iodate and Ethylendiamine dihydroiodide.

Copper (Cu): Improves Hair coat and enzymatic health. Added with Copper Sulfate.

Phosphorus (P): Phosphorus is essential to reproductive health and is required for Calcium to be deposited in bones and skeletal components: Added using Calcium Phosphate.

Iron (Fe): Helps with blood chemistry. Energy, hemoglobin, and oxygen utilization. Added using Iron Sulfate.

Magnesium (Mg): is used in cell electrolytes to aid/control nerve impulses. Included as Magnesium Oxide and Magnesium Sulfate.

Sulfur (S): Rumen microbes use sulfur to make amino acids. Sulfur is predominately available via sulfates like Magnesium Sulfate.

Manganese (Mn): Manganese is important in supporting strong estrous cycles and pregnancy maintenance. Manganese Dioxide and Manganese Sulfate are the mineral additives used.

Potassium (K): Potassium is an important electrolyte, so important it is one of the only daily intake requirements of most deer. Potassium Chloride and Potassium Sulfate provide the necessary Potassium in Monster Meal.

Sodium (Na): Sodium is the only mineral element that deer and other wildlife will self regulate. While common, concentrated forms of Sodium Chloride (salt) aid in vascular pressure regulation and digestive health. Using Sodium to provide access to the other mineral requirements is a key to mineral intake.

Selenium (Se): Necessary to allow utilization of Vitamin E , which promotes immunity, reproductive health, and prevents white muscle disease in fawns. Sodium Selenate is the mineral included to provide Selenium to your wildlife.

Zinc (Zn): Zinc is provided in its elemental form. It optimizes enzyme production and utilization, Boosts immunity, and promotes hoof health and integrity.